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APPLIES TO: Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server
Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server is on the retirement path. We strongly recommend for you to upgrade to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server. For more information about migrating to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server, see What's happening to Azure Database for MySQL Single Server?
Azure Database for MySQL is a managed service that enables you to run, manage, and scale highly available MySQL databases in the cloud. Using the Azure portal, you can easily manage your server and design a database.
In this tutorial, you use the Azure portal to learn how to:
- Create an Azure Database for MySQL
- Configure the server firewall
- Use mysql command-line tool to create a database
- Load sample data
- Query data
- Update data
- Restore data
If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free Azure account before you begin.
Sign in to the Azure portal
Open your favorite web browser, and visit the Microsoft Azure portal. Enter your credentials to sign in to the portal. The default view is your service dashboard.
Create an Azure Database for MySQL server
An Azure Database for MySQL server is created with a defined set of compute and storage resources. The server is created within an Azure resource group.
Select the Create a resource button (+) in the upper left corner of the portal.
Select Databases > Azure Database for MySQL. If you cannot find MySQL Server under the Databases category, click See all to show all available database services. You can also type Azure Database for MySQL in the search box to quickly find the service.
Click Azure Database for MySQL tile. Fill out the Azure Database for MySQL form.
Setting Suggested value Field description Server name Unique server name Choose a unique name that identifies your Azure Database for MySQL server. For example, mydemoserver. The domain name .mysql.database.azure.com is appended to the server name you provide. The server name can contain only lowercase letters, numbers, and the hyphen (-) character. It must contain from 3 to 63 characters. Subscription Your subscription Select the Azure subscription that you want to use for your server. If you have multiple subscriptions, choose the subscription in which you get billed for the resource. Resource group myresourcegroup Provide a new or existing resource group name. Select source Blank Select Blank to create a new server from scratch. (You select Backup if you are creating a server from a geo-backup of an existing Azure Database for MySQL server). Server admin login myadmin A sign-in account to use when you're connecting to the server. The admin sign-in name cannot be azure_superuser, admin, administrator, root, guest, or public. Password Your choice Provide a new password for the server admin account. It must contain from 8 to 128 characters. Your password must contain characters from three of the following categories: English uppercase letters, English lowercase letters, numbers (0-9), and non-alphanumeric characters (!, $, #, %, and so on). Confirm password Your choice Confirm the admin account password. Location The region closest to your users Choose the location that is closest to your users or your other Azure applications. Version The latest version The latest version (unless you have specific requirements that require another version). Pricing tier General Purpose, Gen 5, 2 vCores, 5 GB, 7 days, Geographically Redundant The compute, storage, and backup configurations for your new server. Select Pricing tier. Next, select the General Purpose tab. Gen 5, 2 vCores, 5 GB, and 7 days are the default values for Compute Generation, vCore, Storage, and Backup Retention Period. You can leave those sliders as is. To enable your server backups in geo-redundant storage, select Geographically Redundant from the Backup Redundancy Options. To save this pricing tier selection, select OK. The next screenshot captures these selections.
With auto-growth enabled your server increases storage when you are approaching the allocated limit, without impacting your workload.
Click Review + create. You can click on the Notifications button on the toolbar to monitor the deployment process. Deployment can take up to 20 minutes.(Video) Azure Database for MySQL| How to Create an Azure Database for MySQL| Azure DB for MySQL Tutorial
Azure Databases for MySQL are protected by a firewall. By default, all connections to the server and the databases inside the server are rejected. Before connecting to Azure Database for MySQL for the first time, configure the firewall to add the client machine's public network IP address (or IP address range).
Click your newly created server, and then click Connection security.
You can Add My IP, or configure firewall rules here. Remember to click Save after you have created the rules.You can now connect to the server using mysql command-line tool or MySQL Workbench GUI tool.
Azure Database for MySQL server communicates over port 3306. If you are trying to connect from within a corporate network, outbound traffic over port 3306 may not be allowed by your network's firewall. If so, you cannot connect to Azure MySQL server unless your IT department opens port 3306.
Get connection information
Get the fully qualified Server name and Server admin login name for your Azure Database for MySQL server from the Azure portal. You use the fully qualified server name to connect to your server using mysql command-line tool.
In Azure portal, click All resources from the left-hand menu, type the name, and search for your Azure Database for MySQL server. Select the server name to view the details.
From the Overview page, note down Server Name and Server admin login name. You may click the copy button next to each field to copy to the clipboard.
In this example, the server name is mydemoserver.mysql.database.azure.com, and the server admin login is myadmin@mydemoserver.
Connect to the server using mysql
Use mysql command-line tool to establish a connection to your Azure Database for MySQL server. You can run the mysql command-line tool from the Azure Cloud Shell in the browser or from your own machine using mysql tools installed locally. To launch the Azure Cloud Shell, click the
Try It button on a code block in this article, or visit the Azure portal and click the
>_ icon in the top right toolbar.
Type the command to connect:
mysql -h mydemoserver.mysql.database.azure.com -u myadmin@mydemoserver -p
Create a blank database
Once you're connected to the server, create a blank database to work with.
CREATE DATABASE mysampledb;
At the prompt, run the following command to switch connection to this newly created database:
Create tables in the database
Now that you know how to connect to the Azure Database for MySQL database, you can complete some basic tasks:
First, create a table and load it with some data. Let's create a table that stores inventory information.
CREATE TABLE inventory ( id serial PRIMARY KEY, name VARCHAR(50), quantity INTEGER);
Load data into the tables
Now that you have a table, insert some data into it. At the open command prompt window, run the following query to insert some rows of data.
INSERT INTO inventory (id, name, quantity) VALUES (1, 'banana', 150);INSERT INTO inventory (id, name, quantity) VALUES (2, 'orange', 154);
Now you have two rows of sample data into the table you created earlier.
Query and update the data in the tables
Execute the following query to retrieve information from the database table.
SELECT * FROM inventory;
You can also update the data in the tables.
UPDATE inventory SET quantity = 200 WHERE name = 'banana';
The row gets updated accordingly when you retrieve data.
SELECT * FROM inventory;
Restore a database to a previous point in time
Imagine you have accidentally deleted an important database table, and cannot recover the data easily. Azure Database for MySQL allows you to restore the server to a point in time, creating a copy of the databases into new server. You can use this new server to recover your deleted data. The following steps restore the sample server to a point before the table was added.
In the Azure portal, locate your Azure Database for MySQL. On the Overview page, click Restore on the toolbar. The Restore page opens.
Fill out the Restore form with the required information.
- Restore point: Select a point-in-time that you want to restore to, within the timeframe listed. Make sure to convert your local timezone to UTC.
- Restore to new server: Provide a new server name you want to restore to.
- Location: The region is same as the source server, and cannot be changed.
- Pricing tier: The pricing tier is the same as the source server, and cannot be changed.
Click OK to restore the server to restore to a point in time before the table was deleted. Restoring a server creates a new copy of the server, as of the point in time you specify.
Clean up resources
If you don't expect to need these resources in the future, you can delete them by deleting the resource group or just delete the MySQL server. To delete the resource group, follow these steps:
- In the Azure portal, search for and select Resource groups.
- In the resource group list, choose the name of your resource group.
- In the Overview page of your resource group, select Delete resource group.
- In the confirmation dialog box, type the name of your resource group, and then select Delete.
In this tutorial, you use the Azure portal to learned how to:
- Create an Azure Database for MySQL
- Configure the server firewall
- Use mysql command-line tool to create a database
- Load sample data
- Query data
- Update data
- Restore data
How to connect applications to Azure Database for MySQL
- Login to the Azure Management Portal using your Azure account.
- In the Management Portal, at the bottom left of the web page, click +New, click Virtual Machine, and then click Quick Create.
- On the Virtual machine configuration page, provide the following information:
Under SQL databases, leave Resource type set to Single database, and select Create. On the Basics tab of the Create SQL Database form, under Project details, select the desired Azure Subscription. For Resource group, select Create new, enter myResourceGroup, and select OK. For Database name, enter mySampleDatabase.How do I connect to my Azure Database from MySQL? ›
- Navigate to your key vault in the Azure portal.
- Select Settings > Secrets.
- Select + Generate/Import and enter the Name and Value as the password from your Azure SQL Database.
- Select Create to complete.
The service supports community version of MySQL 5.7 and 8.0. The service is generally available today in wide variety of Azure regions. The Flexible Server deployment option offers three compute tiers: Burstable, General Purpose, and Memory Optimized.What is the difference between Azure SQL database and Azure Database for MySQL? ›
Azure SQL is a set of managed, secure, and intelligent SQL Server database solutions that run in the Azure Cloud. MySQL, on the other hand, is a popular Relational Database Management System (RDBMS).What is Azure Database for MySQL server? ›
Azure Database for MySQL is a fully managed database service, which means that Microsoft automates the management and maintenance of your infrastructure and database server, including routine updates, backups and security.What is the difference between Azure SQL Server and Azure SQL Database? ›
Azure SQL Database: It is automatic. It will support short-term (7 or 35 days) and Long-term up to 10 years based on the service tiers. SQL Server on Azure VM: It is not an automatic process. The database backups are managed using SQL native or any third-party tools.Is Azure SQL Database the same as SQL Server? ›
PRO TIP: No, Azure SQL Database is not the same as SQL Server. While they are both relational database management systems, there are key differences between the two. Azure SQL Database is a cloud-based service, while SQL Server is an on-premises software.Can we run SQL query in Azure portal? ›
Many common queries can be run in this editor, such as create new table, display table data, edit table data, create a stored procedure, or drop table. You have the flexibility to execute partial queries or batch queries in this editor.Does Azure provide MySQL database? ›
Azure Database for MySQL provides a fully managed database service for app development and deployment with built-in capabilities, such as high availability, at no extra cost.
To Connect to a MySQL Database
Expand the Drivers node from the Database Explorer. Right-click the MySQL (Connector/J driver) and choose Connect Using.... The New Database Connection dialog box is displayed. In the Basic Setting tab, enter the Database's URL <HOST>:<PORT>/<DB> in the corresponding text field.
Connect to the query editor
On your SQL database Overview page in the Azure portal, select Query editor (preview) from the left menu. On the sign-in screen, provide credentials to connect to the database. You can connect using SQL authentication or Azure AD.
Azure Database for MySQL provides up to 100% of your provisioned server storage as backup storage at no additional cost. Any backup storage you use in excess of this amount is charged in GB per month.How do I upgrade my Azure Database to MySQL? ›
In the Azure portal, select your existing Azure Database for MySQL 5.6 server. From the Overview page, click the Upgrade button in the toolbar. In the Upgrade section, select OK to upgrade Azure database for MySQL 5.6 server to 5.7 server. A notification will confirm that upgrade is successful.Which type of encryption at rest is available for Azure SQL Database for MySQL? ›
At-rest. The Azure Database for MySQL service uses the FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic module for storage encryption of data at-rest. Data, including backups, are encrypted on disk, including the temporary files created while running queries.Can you host MySQL on Azure? ›
You can use either Single Server or Flexible Server to host a MySQL database in Azure. It's a fully managed database as a service offering that can handle mission-critical workloads with predictable performance and dynamic scalability.Is Azure SQL OLTP or OLAP? ›
In Azure, data held in OLTP systems such as Azure SQL Database is copied into the OLAP system, such as Azure Analysis Services.Can Azure data/factory connect to MySQL? ›
Create a linked service to MySQL using UI
Use the following steps to create a linked service to MySQL in the Azure portal UI. Browse to the Manage tab in your Azure Data Factory or Synapse workspace and select Linked Services, then click New: Azure Data Factory. Azure Synapse.
MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS), and MSSQL Server is an RDBMS developed by Microsoft. Enterprises can pick from several editions of MSSQL Server based on their budget and unique requirements.Is Azure SQL Database a single database? ›
Azure SQL Database provides the following deployment options for a database: Single database represents a fully managed, isolated database. You might use this option if you have modern cloud applications and microservices that need a single reliable data source.
Azure SQL Database serverless simplifies performance management and helps developers build apps faster and more efficiently with compute resources that automatically scale based on workload demand.Is Azure MySQL PaaS or SAAS? ›
This option is a fully managed MySQL database engine based on the stable version of MySQL community edition. This relational database as a service (DBaaS), hosted on the Azure cloud platform, falls into the industry category of PaaS.Is Azure SQL cheaper than SQL Server? ›
|SQL Server on Azure VM||Azure SQL Database|
|16 Cores, 95 USD per month, Web Edition.||250 GB Database, 50 DTUs, 75 USD per month.|
Azure SQL Database server-less simplifies performance management and helps developers build apps faster and more efficiently with compute resources that automatically scale based on workload demand.How do I convert SQL Server to Azure SQL? ›
Data Migration Assistant (DMA)
Download and install the Database Migration Assistant. Create a new project and select Migration as the project type. Set the source server type to SQL Server and the target server type to Azure SQL Database, select the migration scope as Schema and data and select Create.
SQL Server on Azure Virtual Machines is 100 percent compatible with SQL Server on-premises workloads but with more management capabilities.What is difference between SQL Server and SQL Database? ›
Answer: The main difference between SQL and MS SQL is that SQL is a query language that is used in relation databases whereas MS SQL Server is itself a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft.How do you create a SQL user from the Azure portal? ›
- Open SSMS and connect to the SQL Server by specifying: Server name: project1-dev.database.windows.net. ...
- Click on the "New Query" button in the menu.
- Copy the TSQL code below and paste into your query window. ...
- You have now added a new login/user to your database and can change your connection string.
It uses Azure SQL Database gateways for communication. Therefore, the client requires outbound communication on port 1433 to the Azure SQL gateway. The following diagram shows the proxy connection policy.How do I run a SQL script on a SQL Azure database? ›
- STEP 1: Now go to Modules in your Automation Account, click on Browse gallery.
- STEP 2: Next step is to create a credential to login to SQL Database. ...
- STEP 3: In the next step we are going to create the variable required by the script.
No. Not only would it be in violation of the terms of your license, but a MySQL database is a client/server type setup. No MySQL binaries, no server, your client (jdbc) cannot connect.Why is MySQL not connecting to server? ›
Here are some reasons the Can't connect to local MySQL server error might occur: mysqld is not running on the local host. Check your operating system's process list to ensure the mysqld process is present. You're running a MySQL server on Windows with many TCP/IP connections to it.How do I connect to MySQL database for the first time? ›
- Extracting the Install Archive.
- Creating an Option File.
- Selecting a MySQL Server Type.
- Initializing the Data Directory.
- Starting the Server for the First Time.
- Starting MySQL from the Windows Command Line.
- Customizing the PATH for MySQL Tools.
- Starting MySQL as a Windows Service.
- SQL Server.
- Analysis Services (SSAS)
- Integration Services (SSIS)
- Reporting Services (SSRS)
- SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
- SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT)
- Azure Data Studio.
On the on-premises client computer, open SQL Server Management Studio. In the Connect to Server dialog box, enter the fully qualified host name for your managed instance in the Server name box. Select SQL Server Authentication, provide your username and password, and then select Connect.What is the best way to connect your Azure VM to your Azure SQL Database? ›
First, connect to the SQL Server virtual machine with remote desktop. After the Azure virtual machine is created and running, click the Virtual Machines icon in the Azure portal to view your VMs. Click the ellipsis, ..., for your new VM. Click Connect.How do I create a free SQL database in Azure? ›
- $sqlServer = New-AzureRmSqlServer -ServerName $sqlServerName -Location $desiredLocation. Location -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroup. ...
- New-AzureRmSqlDatabase -DatabaseName $DatabaseName -ServerName $sqlServer.
AWS is up to 5 times more expensive than Azure for Windows Server and SQL Server. Why run them anywhere else?Is it free to create a MySQL database? ›
MySQL Community Edition is the freely downloadable version of the world's most popular open source database. It is available under the GPL license and is supported by a huge and active community of open source developers.What is the maximum size of Azure SQL Database? ›
Maximum size of each data file is 8 TB. Use at least two data files for databases larger than 8 TB.
Azure SQL Database supports only the tabular data stream (TDS) protocol, which requires the database to be accessible over only the default port of TCP/1433.Is Azure SQL encrypted by default? ›
Transparent Data Encryption (Encryption-at-rest)
In Azure, all newly created databases are encrypted by default and the database encryption key is protected by a built-in server certificate. Certificate maintenance and rotation are managed by the service and require no input from the user.
Go to the RDS Management Console, select the appropriate RDS instance. Under Security Control, TDE tab you will be able to find the option to enable TDE. This feature will allow encryption of data while at rest.Is it possible to host SQL Server on Azure VM? ›
SQL Server on Azure Virtual Machines enables you to use full versions of SQL Server in the cloud without having to manage any on-premises hardware. SQL Server virtual machines (VMs) also simplify licensing costs when you pay as you go. Azure virtual machines run in many different geographic regions around the world.How do I install MySQL on a virtual machine? ›
- Start the virtual machine, if you haven't already.
- Log in to the virtual machine as the root user.
- At the command prompt, type the following command to install MariaDB: ...
- At the Is this ok prompt, type y and then press Enter. ...
- After installation completes, type the following command to start MariaDB:
You can use either Single Server or Flexible Server to host a MySQL database in Azure. It's a fully managed database as a service offering that can handle mission-critical workloads with predictable performance and dynamic scalability.What is the difference between SQL Database and Azure SQL? ›
SQL Database has some additional features that are not available in SQL Server, such as built-in high availability, intelligence, and management. Azure SQL Database offers the following deployment options: As a single database with its own set of resources managed via a logical SQL server.Which Azure VM is best for SQL Server? ›
Ebdsv5-series. The Ebdsv5-series is a new memory-optimized series of VMs that offer the highest remote storage throughput available in Azure. These VMs have a memory-to-vCore ratio of 8 which, together with the high I/O throughput, makes them ideal for SQL Server workloads.Can I install MySQL on Azure VM? ›
You can download an Azure Marketplace VM image, with MySQL preinstalled, and with configuration already in place, including high availability.Is Visual Studio necessary for MySQL? ›
You do not need Visual Studio for MySQL. However, if you would like to use "MySQL for Visual Studio", it will require VS 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015, or newer versions as time goes on (per installer).